“Tanto riso, oh quanta alegria
Mais de mil palhaços no salão
Arlequim está chorando pelo amor da Colombina
No meio da multidão
Foi bom te ver outra vez
Tá fazendo um ano
Foi no carnaval que passou
Eu sou aquele pierrô
Que te abraçou
Que te beijou, meu amor
A mesma máscara negra
Que esconde o teu rosto
Eu quero matar a saudade
Vou beijar-te agora
Não me leve a mal
Hoje é carnaval”
(Máscara Negra, Zé Keti)
By Juliana Araújo
1. The carnival is a festival that was originated in Greece between 600 and 520 BC.
2. The history about the Columbine, Harlequin and the Pierrot arose from the Italian Comedy. A company of actors in France spread out the history in France, aiming to popularise the Commedia dell’Arte,
3. During the seventeenth century, members of the Italian aristocracy wore masks during the Venice Carnival so that they could mingle with the people.
4. The Venice Carnival begins 58 days before Easter and ends on the Tuesday that preceeds Ash Wednesday.
5. The Brazilian Carnival was originated in Rio de Janeiro in 1641. The festivities are rooted in the customs of the Portuguese bourgeoisie that was influenced by masked balls were very common in Paris at that time.
6. Despite the carnival of Rio de Janeiro is included in the Guinness Book as being the most popular party in the world, the group O Galo da Madrugada, from Recife, is considered the largest carnival group in the world.
8. The ballet Carnival of Venice was created by French composer André Campra. Its première took place on January 20, 1699 at the Académie Royale de Musique, now the Palais Garnier, where the Paris National Opera Paris National Opera.headquarters is located.
9. Marius Petipa reformulated the Satanella ballet for ballerina Alexandra Vergina in 1868. He then introduced Carnival of Venice in the third act.
10. The Ballet Les Millions d’Arlequin, which was choreographed by Marius Petipa was premiered on February 23, 1900 in St. Petersburg. However, the adapted version of George Balanchine, called Harlequinade has become more popular these days.